Fat graft or Fillers for adding volume and recontouring face and body


While the popularity of fat grafting is a relatively recent development in plastic surgery, the concept of fat grafting is not new. As early as 1893, free fat autografts were used to fill the soft tissue defect. The use of autogenous abdominal fat to correct deficiencies in the mouth and chin area was reported in 1909. Attempts were made in the early 20th century to correct other conditions, including hemifacial atrophy and breast abnormalities, but modern fat grafting failed. evolved with the popularity of liposuction until the early 1980s.

Illouz reported fat transfer by suction after liposuction in 1984.In 1986, Ellenbogen reported the use of free pearl fat autografts in the treatment of various atrophic and post-traumatic facial defects. Thanks to the refinement of the technique, fat grafting has become the method of choice for a number of issues, including facial scarring, lip augmentation, and facial hair growth (as well as several otherwise difficult-to-treat areas such as the nasolabial and glabellar areas). sulcus). ). Fold).

Treatment methods for blackheads include removal and repositioning of excess skin, and skin resurfacing methods including dermabrasion, laser ablation, and chemical peels. Each of these methods has limitations.

Another solution is to implant a filler in the defect area.While a facial makeover can be thought of as leveling mountains, using an implantable substance fills in the valleys. Many materials have been tried to correct soft tissue defects and deficiencies. However, the use of most of these substances comes with challenges, including instability, foreign body reaction, unnatural texture, and potential disease transmission.

Fat may be collected through discrete incisions. The collection leaves no flaws, and often it is better to remove the fat. Adipose tissue is soft and natural. It can be used to correct various deficiencies, is non-immunogenic, readily available, and inexpensive.

Autologous fat transfer has been used to correct facial scars, including acne scars. Increasing the volume of the face can also be achieved in pathological processes such as hemifacial atrophy and in patients with aesthetic problems, for example in patients who need lip augmentation. They can reduce the signs of facial aging.Blackheads that are too deep to be treated with resurfacing methods and areas that are poorly treated with traditional facelift treatments (eg, nasolabial folds, glabellar folds, tear pits) can also be treated with fat grafting.